Plants

BBHSP Biology Section 3: Plants

Please contact us if you find any corrections or if you have questions about this page.  Photos by Elizabeth Beil, Jennifer Berry, Seabrook Leaf, and others.  The growing list of species found at BBHS is on this page (below all the pictures) and is collected and managed by Jennifer Berry.

The 20 acre Commercial-Recreational Use Permit Zone at Big Bend Hot Springs Project consists of a surprising diversity of plant communities, including: White Alder/Poplar Forest along the Achoma (Pit River) banks,  White Alder/Maple Forest along Indian Springs Creek riparian zone, Ponderosa Pine/Douglas Fir/Incense Cedar/Oak Closed-Canopy Forest (“Moon Forest”, near Parking Lot and upper staff area above Skunk Camp), Manzanita/Canyon Live Oak/Black Oak Open Canopy Chaparral, (large area between Parking Lot and Pit River) and Orchard/Garden/Non-Native plantings.  Most of the site was an occasional flood plain, and the location of important small Madesi villages.

Plant Mystery crop

Plant Yellow Flower

Poison Oak  (Toxicodendron diversilobum)

Poison Oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum)

Yellow Star Thistle  (Centaurea solstitialis)

Yellow Star Thistle (Centaurea solstitialis)

cropped-Algae-at-OolemoomeCrop.jpg

Hot Water Algae: Algae are a very large and diverse group of simple, typically photosynthetic plant organisms. There are thousands of species of algae that have not been named or studied by modern botany. The hot water algae of BBHS might be unique, unnamed, and/or unstudied varieties, and they could have important nutrients and chemicals worth studying!

Green Flower1

 

IMG_5531

 

IMG_5532

Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana)

Sugar Pine trunk (center) has bark similar to Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) (on right), but Sugar Pine bark is more even and has a tighter pattern. Sugar Pine needles are much longer than Douglas Fir needles, but not nearly as long as the huge Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderos) needles.  Sugar Pines have the largest cones of any local conifers (often 8-12 inches long!).

Douglas Fir Needles (New Growth is Lighter Green)

Shasta Lily

Hot Water Algae and Salt Crystals

Hot Water Algae and Salt Crystals

Genus Species Common Name Lifeform
Native Plants      
Acer macrophylum Big Leafed Maple Tree
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Perennial
Aesculus californica Buckeye Tree
Agrostis exarata Spike bentgrass Grass
Alnus rhombifolia White Alder Tree
Amelanchier utahensis Western Service Berry Tree/Shrub
Angelica arguta Angelica Perennial
Apocynum andrisaemifolium Spreading dogbane Perennial
Arbutus menzesii Madrone Tree
Arctostaphylos viscida Pale leaved Manzantia Shrub
Arctostaphylos manzanita Manzanita Shrub
Asarum caudatum California Ginger Perennial
Berberis aquifolium var. repens Oregon Grape Shrub
Calocedrus decurrens Western Cedar Tree
Calystegia malacophyla Morning Glory Vine
Calystegia purpurata Western Morning Glory Vine
Campanula medium Canterbury Bells Perennial
Castilleja   Indian Paintbrush Perennial
Ceanothus integerrimus Deer brush Shrub
Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud Tree
Cercocarpus betuloides Mountain Mahogany Shrub
Clarkia purpurea quadrivulnera Purple Clarkia Annual
Claytonia parviflora Narrow-leaved Miner’s Lettuce Annual
Clematis ligustifolia Virgin’s Bower Vine Vine
Cornus glabrata Brown Dogwood Tree
Cornus nuttallii Pacific Dogwood Tree
Cornus serisea spp occidentalis Western Dogwood Tree
Corylus cornuta var. californica Western Hazel Tree
Cynoglossum grande Hound’s Tongue Perennial
Darmera peltata Indian Rhubarb Perennial
Delphinium depauperatum Few Flowered Larkspur Perennial
Dichelostemma capitatum Blue Dick Perennial Bulb
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove Biennial
Epipactus gigantea Stream Orchid Perennial
Eriodictyon californicum Yerba Santa Shrub
Eriogonum nudum Naked Buckwheat Perennial
Eschscholzia caespitosa Foothill Poppy Annual
Fraxinus latifolia Oregon Ash Tree
Gilia sinistra ssp sinistra Clockwise Gilia Annual
Heuchera Alum root Perennial
Juncus mexicana Mexican Rush Perennial
Lilium washingtonianum ssp washingtonianum Shasta lily Perennial Bulb
Lomatium dissectum Bisquit Root Perennial
Lonicera ciliosa Orange Honeysuckle Vine
Lunaria annua Money Plant Annual
Lupinus albifrons Silver Lupine Shrub
Lupinus bicolor Miniature Lupine Annual
Madia elegans Tarweed Annual
Mimulus kelloggii Kellogg’s Monkeyflower Annual
Mimulus layneae Layne’s Monkeyflower Annual
Mimulus guttatus Seep Spring Monkey Flower Perennial
Monardella lanceolata Mustang Mint Perennial
Oemleria cerasiformis Oso Berry Tree/Shrub
Pedicularis densiflora Indian warrior Perennial
Pelagiobotrys Popcorn Flower Annual
Pellea mucronata Coffee Fern Fern
Perideridia gairdneri Yampah Annual
Phacelia distans Common Phacelia Perennial
Phacelia heterophylla Vari-leaf Phacelia Perennial
Phladelphus lewisii Western Mock Orange Deciduous shrub
Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine Tree
Polygonum bistortoides Western Bistort Perennial
Polystichum munitum Western Sword Fern Fern
Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa Black Cottonwood Tree
Potentilla gracilis var. fastigiata Slender cinquefoil
Prunus virginiana var, demissa Western Choke Cherry Shrub
Prunus emarginata Bitter Cherry Tree
Pseudotsuga menzesii Douglas Fir Tree
Quercus chrysolepis Canyon Live Oak Tree
Quercus garryana Oregon White Oak Tree
Quercus kellogii Black Oak Tree
Quercus wislezenii Interior Live Oak Tree
Rhamnus purshiana Cascara Shrub
Rhus trilobata Lemonade Berry Shrub
Ribes californicum Gooseberry Shrub
Ribes californicum Current Shrub
Ribes roezlii Gooseberry Shrub
Rosa california Western Rose Shrub
Rubus unsinus California Blackberry Vine
Rumex salicifolius var. salicifolius Willow Leaved Dock Perennial
Salix exigua Narrow Leafed WIllow Tree
Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra Yellow Willow Tree
Sambucus mexicana Blue Elderberry Shrub
Scrophularia californica California figwort Perennial
Scutellaria antirrhinoides Snapdragon Skullcap Perennial
Silene douglasii Douglas’ Campion Perennial
Smilacina racemosa Soloman’s seal Perennial
Smilax californica California greenbriar Vine
Solidago californica California goldenrod Perennial
Spiraea douglasii Rose spiraea Shrub
Symphorocarpus albus var. laevigatus Snowberry Shrub
Syringa hybrid Lilac Shrub
Toxicodendron diversilobum Poison Oak Shrub
Trientalis arctica Arctic Starflower Perennial
Trillium ovatum Western Wakerobin Perennial
Typha angustifolia Narrow Leafed Cattail Grass
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain Perennial
Viola glabella Pioneer violet Perennial
Viola lobata ssp integrifloia Yellow violet Perennial
Genus Species Common Name  Lifeform
Recent Immigrant Plants  
Aegilops Barbed Goatgrass Grass
Avena barbata Slender Oats Grass
Bromus Catharticus Rescuegrass Grass
Bromus tectorum Down Chess Grass
Centaurea solstitialis Yellow Star Thistle Perennial
Centaurea maculosa Knapweed Perennial
Cichorium intybus Chickory Perennial
Conium maculatum Poison Hemlock Annual
Cynodon dactylon Bermuda Grass Grass
Hedera helix English Ivy Vine
Holcus lanatus Velvet Grass Grass
Hypericum perforatum St. John’s Wort Perennial
Lactuca serriola Prickly Lettuce Annual
Lamium amplexcaule Henbit Annual
Leucanthemum vulgarre Ox Eye Daisy Perennial
Lychnis coronaria Rose Campion Perennial
Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm Perennial
Oenothera elata Evening Primrose Perennial
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Boston Ivy Vine
Phalaris brachystachys Short Spike Canary Grass Grass
Plantago lanceolata Plantain Perennial
Poa pratensis spp. pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass Grass
Ranunculus arvensis Field Buttercup Annual
Rhus glabrata Smooth Sumac Tree
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust Tree
Rubus discolor Himalayan Blackberry Vine
Rubus lactiniatus Cutleaf Blackberry Vine
Rumex acetosella Sorrel Perennial
Silene latifolia Bladder Campion Perennial
Sinapis arvensis Field Mustard Annual
Solanum dulcamara Nightshade Perennial
Symphytum × uplandicum Comfrey Perennial
Taeniantherum caput-medusae Medusahead Grass
Torilis arvensis Field Hedge Parsely Annual
Tragopogon dubious Yellow Salsify Biennial
Trifolium hirtum Clover Annual
Trifolium pratense Red Clover Perennial
Verbascum blattaria Moth Mullein Biennial
Verbascum thapsis Common Mullein Biennial
Vinca major Periwinkle Vine